Environmental Factors Affecting Animal Health: Implications for Sustainable Agriculture and Ecosystem Health

  • Rahul Sonavale, Prajkta S. Sarkale, Narendrakumar J. Suryavanshi
Keywords: Animal Health, Environmental Factors, Sustainable Agriculture, Ecosystem Health, Climate Change


Environmental factors play a pivotal role in shaping animal health outcomes, which in turn influence the sustainability of agriculture and the overall health of ecosystems. This abstract explores the intricate interplay between environmental variables and animal well-being, highlighting their significance in promoting sustainable agricultural practices and maintaining ecosystem balance. Climate change stands out as a prominent environmental factor impacting animal health. Alterations in temperature patterns, extreme weather events, and shifts in precipitation regimes pose significant challenges to livestock and wildlife populations alike. Heat stress, vector-borne diseases, and habitat loss are among the consequences observed, necessitating adaptive management strategies to mitigate adverse effects. Furthermore, land use practices, including deforestation, intensification of agriculture, and urbanization, exert profound impacts on animal health. Loss of natural habitats leads to habitat fragmentation, disrupting ecosystems and increasing the vulnerability of animal species to disease transmission and resource scarcity. Chemical pollutants from agricultural runoff and industrial activities further compromise animal health, posing risks to both terrestrial and aquatic organisms. Addressing these environmental challenges requires a holistic approach that integrates principles of sustainable agriculture and ecosystem management. Implementing agroecological practices, such as diversified farming systems and conservation agriculture, can enhance animal resilience to environmental stressors while fostering biodiversity and soil health. Moreover, promoting landscape-level conservation efforts and restoring degraded habitats contribute to the preservation of ecosystem functions essential for animal well-being.


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How to Cite
Rahul Sonavale. (2024). Environmental Factors Affecting Animal Health: Implications for Sustainable Agriculture and Ecosystem Health. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 25(1), 489 - 501. Retrieved from https://www.veterinaria.org/index.php/REDVET/article/view/538