Zoonotic Disease Surveillance and Control: Safeguarding Both Animal and Human Populations

  • Sujata V. Patil, Abhay Ghatage, Ashvini V. Jadhav
Keywords: Zoonotic diseases, Surveillance, Control measures, Public health, One Health


Zoonotic diseases pose significant threats to both animal and human populations, necessitating robust surveillance and control measures to safeguard public health and ensure animal welfare. This abstract provides an overview of the importance of zoonotic disease surveillance and control, highlighting key strategies and challenges in this critical endeavor. Zoonotic diseases, which originate in animals but can be transmitted to humans, constitute a substantial portion of emerging infectious diseases. Examples include avian influenza, rabies, Ebola virus disease, and COVID-19. These diseases not only jeopardize human health but also impact animal populations, agricultural productivity, and economic stability. Effective surveillance is foundational to understanding the epidemiology of zoonotic diseases. This involves monitoring animal populations for signs of illness, tracking disease outbreaks, and conducting research to identify potential sources and transmission pathways. Additionally, close collaboration between public health agencies, veterinary services, and environmental organizations is essential for early detection and rapid response to emerging threats. Control measures encompass a range of interventions aimed at reducing disease transmission between animals and humans. Vaccination programs, vector control, hygiene practices, and public education campaigns are among the strategies employed to mitigate zoonotic risks.


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How to Cite
Sujata V. Patil. (2024). Zoonotic Disease Surveillance and Control: Safeguarding Both Animal and Human Populations. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 25(1), 452 - 463. Retrieved from https://www.veterinaria.org/index.php/REDVET/article/view/535