Dogs Bone Health: Understanding Osteoarthritis and Exploring Natural Remedies for Optimal Canine Well-being and Mobility

  • Nitin Patil, Sharmishtha K. Garud, Satish V. Kakade
Keywords: Osteoarthritis, Canine, Natural Remedies, Mobility


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent degenerative joint disease affecting dogs of all breeds and ages, significantly impacting their well-being and mobility. This abstract delves into understanding the pathology of OA in canines and explores natural remedies aimed at improving their bone health and overall quality of life. Osteoarthritis in dogs is characterized by the deterioration of cartilage within the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. Various factors, including genetics, aging, obesity, and joint trauma, contribute to the development and progression of OA in dogs. Understanding the multifactorial nature of this disease is crucial for devising effective treatment strategies. Natural remedies play a significant role in managing OA in dogs, offering holistic approaches to alleviate symptoms and promote joint health. These remedies encompass dietary supplements, such as glucosamine, chondroitin, and omega-3 fatty acids, which support cartilage repair and reduce inflammation. Additionally, herbal supplements like turmeric and Boswellia serrata possess anti-inflammatory properties that aid in relieving pain and stiffness associated with OA. Physical therapy and exercise tailored to the individual needs of the dog can also help improve joint flexibility, muscle strength, and overall mobility. Low-impact activities like swimming and underwater treadmill therapy are particularly beneficial for dogs with OA, as they reduce stress on the joints while promoting cardiovascular fitness.


[1] Komonsing, N.; Khuwijitjaru, P.; Nagle, M.; Müller, J.; Mahayothee, B. Effect of drying temperature together with light on drying characteristics and bioactive compounds in turmeric slice. J. Food Eng. 2022, 317, 110695–110705.
[2] Adebisi, A.A.; Olumide, M.D.; Akintunde, A.O. Nutritive value and phytochemical screening of turmeric and clove as a potential phyto-additive in livestock production. Niger. J. Anim. Sci. 2021, 23, 142–152.
[3] Ivanović, M.; Makoter, K.; Islamčević Razboršek, M. Comparative study of chemical composition and antioxidant activity of essential oils and crude extracts of four characteristic Zingiberaceae herbs. Plants 2021, 10, 501.
[4] El-Saadony, M.T.; Yang, T.; Korma, S.A.; Sitohy, M.; El-Mageed, A.; Taia, A.; Saad, A.M. Impacts of turmeric and its principal bioactive curcumin on human health: Pharmaceutical, medicinal, and food applications: A comprehensive review. Front. Nutr. 2023, 9, 1040259.
[5] Kunnumakkara, A.B.; Hegde, M.; Parama, D.; Girisa, S.; Kumar, A.; Daimary, U.D.; Aggarwal, B.B. Role of turmeric and curcumin in prevention and treatment of chronic diseases: Lessons learned from clinical trials. ACS Pharmacol. Transl. Sci. 2023, 6, 447–518.
[6] Hsu, K.Y.; Ho, C.T.; Pan, M.H. The therapeutic potential of curcumin and its related substances in turmeric: From raw material selection to application strategies. J. Food Drug Anal. 2023, 31, 194.
[7] Islam, T.; Koboziev, I.; Albracht-Schulte, K.; Mistretta, B.; Scoggin, S.; Yosofvand, M.; Moustaid-Moussa, N. Curcumin reduces adipose tissue inflammation and alters gut microbiota in diet-induced obese male mice. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 2021, 65, 2100274.
[8] Jiang, T.; Ghosh, R.; Charcosset, C. Extraction, purification and applications of curcumin from plant materials. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 2021, 112, 419–430.
[9] Degot, P.; Huber, V.; El Maangar, A.; Gramüller, J.; Rohr, L.; Touraud, D.; Zemb, T.; Gschwind, R.M.; Kunz, W. Triple role of sodium salicylate in solubilization, extraction, and stabilization of curcumin from Curcuma longa. J. Mol. Liq. 2021, 329, 115538.
[10] Degot, P.; Huber, V.; Touraud, D.; Kunz, W. Curcumin extracts from Curcuma longa—Improvement of concentration, purity, and stability in food-approved and water-soluble surfactant-free microemulsions. Food Chem. 2021, 339, 128140.
[11] Ahmadi, N.; Hosseini, M.J.; Rostamizadeh, K.; Anoush, M. Investigation of therapeutic effect of curcumin α and β glucoside anomers against Alzheimer’s disease by the nose to brain drug delivery. Brain Res. 2021, 1766, 147517–147528.
[12] Ali, A.; Ali, A.; Tahir, A.; Bakht, M.A.; Salahuddin; Ahsan, M.J. Molecular engineering of curcumin, an active constituent of Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) of the family Zingiberaceae with improved antiproliferative activity. Plants 2021, 10, 1559.
[13] Zheng, Z.H.; You, H.Y.; Feng, Y.J.; Zhang, Z.T. LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 is a key factor in the reversal effect of curcumin on cisplatin resistance in the colorectal cancer cells. Mol. Cell. Biochem. 2021, 476, 2575–2585.
[14] Chang, G.R.; Hsieh, W.T.; Chou, L.S.; Lin, C.S.; Wu, C.F.; Lin, J.W.; Lin, W.L.; Lin, T.C.; Liao, H.J.; Kao, C.Y.; et al. Curcumin improved glucose intolerance, renal injury, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and decreased chromium loss through urine in obese mice. Processes 2021, 9, 1132.
[15] Różański, G.; Kujawski, S.; Newton, J.L.; Zalewski, P.; Słomko, J. Curcumin and biochemical parameters in metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD)—A review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2654.
[16] Öztekin, M.; Yılmaz, B.; Ağagündüz, D.; Capasso, R. Overview of Helicobacter pylori Infection: Clinical features, treatment, and nutritional aspects. Diseases 2021, 9, 66.
[17] Rai, M.; Ingle, A.P.; Pandit, R.; Paralikar, P.; Anasane, N.; Dos Santos, C.A. Curcumin and curcumin-loaded nanoparticles: Antipathogenic and antiparasitic activities. Expert Rev. Anti-Infect. Ther. 2020, 18, 367–379.
How to Cite
Nitin Patil. (2024). Dogs Bone Health: Understanding Osteoarthritis and Exploring Natural Remedies for Optimal Canine Well-being and Mobility. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 25(1), 417 - 427. Retrieved from