The Role of Veterinary Sciences in Wildlife Conservation and Biodiversity Protection

  • Aparna Pathade, Ashwini Jadhav, Kiran Bobde, Wasim Bagwan, Priyadarshini Patil, Girish Pathade
Keywords: Veterinary Sciences, Wildlife Conservation, Biodiversity Protection, Disease Management, Population Health Monitoring, Rescue And Rehabilitation, Research, Conservation Medicine, Wildlife Forensics, Illegal Wildlife Trade, Preventive Measures


The discipline of veterinary sciences has a significant and complex role in the protection of biodiversity and the preservation of wildlife. This study investigates the contributions that veterinary sciences have made in a variety of fields, such as the management of diseases, the monitoring of population health, the rescue and rehabilitation of animals, research and conservation medicine, and wildlife forensics. Veterinary practitioners actively participate in disease management by taking preventative measures and implementing control techniques. This is done in order to address the impact that infectious illnesses have on wildlife populations. Data that is vital for monitoring and evaluating the health of a community can be obtained through surveillance programs that are led by veterinarians. The role of veterinarians in rescue and rehabilitation activities is essential since they are responsible for rescuing, treating, and rehabilitating injured or orphaned wildlife. This helps to contribute to the general conservation of species as well as the welfare of individual animals. Both research and conservation medicine entail gaining an understanding of diseases that affect wildlife, which has consequences for the development of conservation methods that are effective. Forensics on wildlife, particularly in the context of preventing illicit wildlife trade, is dependent on the competence of veterinarians for the identification of species and the tracking down of the sources of products that have been confiscated. In its conclusion, this paper discusses future directions, including the necessity of continued research, technological innovations, ethical population management, and international collaboration in order to address emerging challenges and foster sustainable coexistence between humanity and wildlife. It also highlights the most important findings and contributions that veterinary sciences have made to the conservation of wildlife.


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How to Cite
Aparna Pathade. (2024). The Role of Veterinary Sciences in Wildlife Conservation and Biodiversity Protection. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 25(1), 225 - 245. Retrieved from