Factors Affecting the Trend in the Number of Chicken Eggs Produced in South Sulawesi

  • Nurliani, Ida Rosada, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Nurhapsa, Abdel Razzaq Al Tawaha, Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al- Tawaha, Arun Karnwal
Keywords: Trends in Production Numbers, Chicken Eggs


Purebred chicken eggs are highly consumed in Indonesia, making them a significant component of the country's diet. As the population grows and educational levels increase, there is a greater awareness among the public about the importance of nutrition and food, particularly the role of protein in everyday life. The demand for egg products in the Indonesian market remains consistently high due to their versatility in various food applications. Objective: This study examined the factors influencing trends in purebred chicken egg production. A comprehensive literature review was conducted, utilizing data from the Central Statistics Agency and reputable sources such as academic journals and authorized print and digital media. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive methods. Results: Purebred chicken egg yield has fluctuated over the past five years. Between 2018 and 2019, there was a significant increase of 27 % in egg production. However, there was a subsequent decline in both 2020 and 2021. The number of eggs produced experienced a modest growth of 6% from 2021 to 2022. Notably, this increase coincided with a surge in demand for purebred chicken eggs, suggesting that individuals rely on them to fulfill their animal protein requirements. Conclusions: The quantity of purebred chicken eggs produced in South Sulawesi is influenced by various factors such as fluctuations in egg prices, producer income, costs of raw materials (e.g., feed and seeds), market demand, and the occurrence of disease outbreaks. These elements collectively shape the region's production trends of purebred chicken eggs.


[1] Afandi, Hartono, Djunaidi (2020). The Analysis of Laying Hen Farms Production Costs Using Semi Self-Mixing and Total Self-Mixing Feeds in Blitar Regency, East Java. Tropical Animal Science Journal 43(1). https://doi.org/10.5398/tasj.2020.43.1.70
[2] Agustin, A., Perdana, R, P., and Rachman, B., 2020. Price Stabilization Strategy for Staple Food in the Pandemic Covid-19 Era. IAARD Press, Jakarta
[3] Agustina, Ranggauni, F., & Pristya, TYR 2021. Analysis of Differences in Balanced Nutrition Consumption Before and During Covid-19 in Adolescents. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume, 13(1), 7-15. . DOI: https://doi.org/10.52022/jikm.v13i1.158
[4] Amar, M. Y. (2021). How Is It Possible To Foster The Growth Of Small Layer Poultry Farm In South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia?. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education. http://repository.unhas.ac.id:443/id/eprint/11119
[5] Asnawi, A., Ridwan, M., Nurlaelah, S., Amrawaty, A. A., Baba, S., & Kasim, K. (2023). Profile of the poultry system and the socio-economic impact of native chickens as a potential development area in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Animal Production Science, 63(17), 1791-1803. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN22406
[6] Bakrie, B., Rohaeni, E. S., Yusriani, Y., & Tirajoh, S. (2021). The development of a newly formed superior local chicken in Indonesia–A review. Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences, 48(9). http://jonuns.com/index.php/journal/article/view/740/737
[7] Biswal, J., Vijayalakshmy, K., T. K, B., & Rahman, H. (2022). Impact of heat stress on poultry production. World's Poultry Science Journal, 78(1), 179-196. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00439339.2022.2003168
[8] Cempaka, L., Rizki, A. A., Asiah, N., David, W., Ramadhan, K., Mukaromah, A. S., ... & Huda, N. (2023). Characteristics of Soto, an ethnic food that reflects Indonesian diversity: Based on ingredients. Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal, 1-16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20956/canrea.v6i1.680
[9] Central Statistics Agency, 2020. Production of Laying Chicken 2017-2021. Sumber Dinas Peternakan Bidang Peternakan, Sulawaesi Selatan.
[10] Coyne, L., Patrick, I., Arief, R., Benigno, C., Kalpravidh, W., McGrane, J., ... & Rushton, J. (2020). The costs, benefits and human behaviours for antimicrobial use in small commercial broiler chicken systems in Indonesia. Antibiotics, 9(4), 154. DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics9040154
[11] Denney, A.S., & Tewksbury, R. (2013). How to Write a Literature Review. Journal of Criminal Justice Education , 24(2), 218–234. DOI:10.1080/10511253.2012.730617
[12] Elpawati Elpawati, Junaidi Junaidi, Ilham Fachrizal (2022). Analysis of Factors Affecting The Demand For Broiler Chicken Meat In Pamulang District, South Tangerang City. Agribusiness Journal 16(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/aj.v16i1.28201
[13] Djojodipuro , M. 1991. Price Theory . Jakarta : Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia. URI: https://lontar.ui.ac.id/detail?id=20117681&lokasi=lokal
[14] Gicheha, M. G. (2021). The effects of heat stress on production, reproduction, health in chicken and its dietary amelioration. Advances in poultry nutrition research. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.97284.
[15] Hartono, B., Febrianto, N., & Akhiroh, P. (2021, June). Socio-economic profile of small-scale laying chicken farmers in Blitar Regency Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 788, No. 1, p. 012210). IOP Publishing. DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/788/1/012210
[16] Ilham N. and Saptana. 2019. Price Fluctuations of Purebred Chicken and the Factors Causing. Agricultural Policy Analysis. 17(1): 27-38. DOI:10.21082/akp.v17n1.2019.27-38
[17] Ilham, N., Maulana, M., & Gunawan, E. (2021). Production Efficiency of Poultry Small-Scale Laying Hen in Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, 26(4). https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2697
[18] Ingriet D. R Lumenta, Richard E. M. F. Osak, Vanessa Rambulangi, Stevy P Pangemanan (2022). Analysis of Business Income of Laying Chicken Farming "Golden Paniki PS". Jambura Journal of Animal 4(2). DOI: 1-.35900/jjas.v4i2.14008
[19] Jaya Abadi, Sulfanita, Roisu, E. M (2022). Efficiency of Production Factors in the Laying Chicken Farming Business at the Blessing of Eggs Association Makmur Purworejo. Journal of Indonesian Animal Science 02(01). DOI:10.53863/jspn.v2i01.440
[20] Juli Supriyanti (2021). Feasibility Analysis of Layer Chicken Darwis Farm Business in Lintau Buo District. Jurnal Serambi Biologi. VOL. 6 NO. 2 (2021), P. 65-69 https://serambibiologi.ppj.unp.ac.id/index.php/srmb/article/view/259
[21] Khoiriyah, N., Forgenie, D., Iriany, A., & Apriliawan, H. (2023). Assessing the welfare effects of rising prices of animal-derived sources of food on urban households in Indonesia. Economics and Business Quarterly Reviews, 6(1) DOI:10.31014/aior.1992.06.01.495
[22] Kim, D. H., Lee, Y. K., Kim, S. H., & Lee, K. W. (2020). The impact of temperature and humidity on the performance and physiology of laying hens. Animals, 11(1), 56. doi: 10.3390/ani11010056
[23] Livestock Statistics and Animal Health. 2022. General Directorate of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health. Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture. https:// ditjenpkh.pertanian.go.id
[24] Loxton, M., Truskett, R., Scarf, B., Sindone, L., Baldry, G., & Zhao, Y. (2020). Consumer behaviour during crises: Preliminary research on how coronavirus has manifested consumer panic buying, herd mentality, changing discretionary spending and the role of the media in influencing behaviour. Journal of risk and financial management, 13(8), 166. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13080166
[25] Mappigau, P., & Amar, M. Y. (2020). Knowledge of technology poultry production and entrepreneurship for development of indigenous chicken farms in Indonesia. Journal of Business and Management Review, 1(6), 373-389.profesionalmudacendekia.com. DOI: 10.47153/jbmr16.602020
[26] Martinez, Stephen W (2002). Vertical Coordination Of Marketing Systems: Lessons From The Poultry, Egg, And Pork Industries. Research in Agricultural and Applied Economics. DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.34051.
[27] Maulana, Z., Hamzah, M., Kusuma, M., & Faikatushalihat, F. (2023). Demand And Supply Of Chicken Egg In South Sulawesi. DOI:10.17762/jaz.v44i4.2185
[28] Meng, Q., Li, M., Liu, W., Li, Z., & Zhang, J. (2021). Pricing policies of dual-channel green supply chain: Considering government subsidies and consumers' dual preferences. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 26, 1021-1030. DOI:10.1016/j.spc.2021.01.012
[29] Nanang Febrianto (2013). Analysis of the Demand for Eggs in City Of Malang. IOSR Journal of Business and Management 11(5):35-39. DOI:10.9790/487X-1153539
[30] Nismalasari, A., Sirajuddin, S. N., & Baba, S. (2023). Farmers perceptions towards the role of vaccinator in the PABETA (household based Domestic Chicken Development) program in Soppeng Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 2628, No. 1). AIP Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0143971
[31] Nuriliani, A., Saragih, H. T., Mahendra, B., Conara, F. C., Tsania, L., & Susanto, A. (2022). Potential development and marketing of jawa super chicken eggs to promote sustainable of food security at Ngoro-Oro Village, Gunungkidul during Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement), 8(1), 26-30. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpkm.70471
[32] Paly, M. B (2019). Commercial Smallholder Laying Hens: Production Efficiency And Intensity Of Input Use According To Production Phase In South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences 89(5):209-216. DOI:10.18551/rjoas.2019-05.26
[33] Putri, F. S., Suryantini, A., & Mulyo, J. H. (2021, December). Consumer Preference Towards Layer Chicken Eggs and Native Chicken Eggs in Yogyakarta. In 1st International Conference on Sustainable Agricultural Socio-economics, Agribusiness, and Rural Development (ICSASARD 2021) (pp. 181-189). Atlantis Press. DOI 10.2991/aebmr.k.211214.025
[34] Rahmad Ramadhon, Rusdarti Rusdarti, Amin Pujiati, (2021). Strategy Analysis of Laying Chicken Business Development in Semarang City. Business and Economic Analysis Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2021). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/beaj.v1i2.33589
[35] Relawati, R., Ariadi, B. Y., Prabowo, B. H., Khan, W. A., & Kamarudin, M. F. (2023). Mapping the Agribusiness Potency of Chicken Eggs in Indonesia: The Base Sector Analysis. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 432, p. 00027). EDP Sciences. DOI:10.1051/e3sconf/202343200027
[36] Rohani, ST, I. Rasyid, AR Siregar, M. Aminawar , M. Darwis and ME Kurniawan. 2019. Reasons of Laying Chicken Breeders Choose Locally Produced Feed in Sidrap District, South Sulawesi Province. Agrocompleks 19(1): 23-26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.51978/japp.v19i1.122
[37] Sana, S. S. (2020). Price competition between green and non green products under corporate social responsible firm. Journal of retailing and consumer services, 55, 102118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2020.102118
[38] Sandiah, N., Aku, A. S., Sani, L. O. A., Nafiu, L. O., & Munadi, L. O. M. (2021). Determination of Base and Non Base Sector of Livestock Commodity Development in Southeast Sulawesi Province. Technium Soc. Sci. J., 23, 519. https://techniumscience.com/index.php/socialsciences/article/view/3879
[39] Sarkar, B., Ullah, M., & Sarkar, M. (2022). Environmental And Economic Sustainability Through Innovative Green Products By Remanufacturing. Journal of Cleaner Production, 332, 129813. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129813
[40] Sarlan M. and Murah. 2022. Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic Against Profit and Efficiency of Laying Chicken Eggs in Pringgajurang Village, Montong Gading Regency District, Lombok East Regency. Journal Ilmiah Rinjani (JIR) 10(1). https://doi.org/10.53952/jir.v10i1.391
[41] Siagian, N. K. Nugraheni, (2021). Broiler Breeder Performance in The Final Phase of Grower. Journal Ternak 12(2):36. DOI:10.30736/jt.v12i2.115
[42] Stefanni Marmelstein, Igor Pinheiro de Araújo Costa, Adilson Vilarinho Terra, Ricardo Franceli da Silva, Gabriel Pereira de Oliveira Capela, Miguel Ângelo Lellis Moreira, Claudio de Souza Rocha Junior, Carlos Francisco Simões Gomes and Marcos dos Santos, (2024). Advancing Efficiency Sustainability in Poultry Farms through Data Envelopment Analysis in a Brazilian Production System. Animals, 14(726). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani14050726
[43] Van Nguyen, T., Zhou, L., Chong, A. Y. L., Li, B., & Pu, X. (2020). Predicting customer demand for remanufactured products: A data-mining approach. European Journal of Operational Research, 281(3), 543-558.gre.ac.uk. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2019.08.015
[44] Vandana, G. D., Sejian, V., Lees, A. M., Pragna, P., Silpa, M. V., & Maloney, S. K. (2021). Heat stress and poultry production: impact and amelioration. International Journal of Biometeorology, 65, 163-179. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-020-02023-7
[45] Wantasen, E., Umboh, S. J., Leke, J. R., & Sompie, F. N. (2022). Investment feasibility and risk management of a small-scale layer business in the Province of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. GSC Advanced Research and Reviews, 11(2), 067-077. DOI:10.30574/gscarr.2022.11.2.0132
[46] Wasti, S., Sah, N., & Mishra, B. (2020). Impact of heat stress on poultry health and performances, and potential mitigation strategies. Animals, 10(8), 1266. doi: 10.3390/ani10081266
[47] Zaresta. M, Yusna Indarsyih , Fahria Nadiryati Sadimantara (2022). The Feasibility Analysis Of Layer Livestock Business In Alebo Village Konda District South Konawe Regency. International Journal of Agricultural Social Economics and Rural Development (Ijaserd) 2022:2(1):34-38. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.37149/ijaserd.v2i1.22567
How to Cite
Ida Rosada, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Nurhapsa, Abdel Razzaq Al Tawaha, Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al- Tawaha, Arun Karnwal, N. (2024). Factors Affecting the Trend in the Number of Chicken Eggs Produced in South Sulawesi. Revista Electronica De Veterinaria, 25(1), 108 - 119. Retrieved from https://www.veterinaria.org/index.php/REDVET/article/view/502